In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In-vitro fertilization (IVF), also sometimes known as “test tube baby” basically refers to a process in which fertilization of egg with sperms happen outside of human body. IVF literally means “in glass” as in IVF the eggs and sperms are removed, placed in a petri dish and allowed to interact in a more conducive environment of a specialised incubator which gives them a chance to fertilize and develop into an embryo. The embryo is transferred back in the mother’s womb and if implantation is successful, the embryo develops into a foetus and eventually into a baby.


In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) was originally used to overcome obstruction in the fallopian tubes, a condition in which sperms cannot travel through the fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg even in presence of a healthy uterus, eggs and sperms. But, over the years, the indications of this technique have expanded and IVF is now used to treat infertility arising from a variety of causes and this technique has helped millions of childless couples conceive their babies. Some of the most common conditions, in which the infertile couples can benefit from IVF are:

a) Fallopian tubal blockage

b) Ovulatory disorders

c) Endometriosis

d) Unexplained infertility

e) Age related infertility

f) Mild male factor infertility

Pre IVF Investigations and medications
Pre stimulation treatment
Hormonal stimulation
Follicular monitoring
Egg retrieval
Embryo Transfer
Post transfer care
Pregnancy test

One of the more common questions we get asked by patients who are preparing to undergo IVF concerns which stimulation protocol is best for them. Before we answer this specific question, it is important to understand that the ultimate outcome is based on a number of factors including the patient’s age, her ovarian reserve status, and the associated hormonal parameters. In general older women and women with associated diseases like endometriosis or history of ovarian surgery produce lesser eggs than women without these factors.

Our approach at Blessings fertility is to individualize and tailor the stimulation protocol as per the needs of that specific patient in order to optimize the outcome of treatment.

Some of the most commonly used stimulation protocols are:

Long Down regulation / Agonist Protocol
Antagonist Protocol
Short Flare Protocol
Natural Cycle IVF

IVF is a fairly safe procedure with rather few side effects. The commonly seen side effects include:

Risks associated with medications
Risks associated with Egg retrieval
Risks associated with Embryo transfer
Risks associated with IVF pregnancy